6 Amazing Exercises To Build Core Muscles

Want a rock-solid core? Dive into these six transformative exercises: Plank, Crunch, Deadbug, Bird Dog, Pallof Press, and Glute Bridge.

Each one targets your core muscles from different angles, giving you the strength and stability you crave.

Keep reading to get the lowdown on how to do these exercises effectively and why they're so good for you.

Exercise Equipment: What You'll Need

Hey, don't sweat it if you don't have a home gym stocked with fancy equipment. Building a strong core doesn't need to be an expensive endeavor.

Stick around to discover what household items can double as workout gear and learn about optional equipment that can level up your core game.

Common Household Items You Can Use If You Don't Have Gym Equipment

Let's be real, not everyone's got a gym membership or a home setup, but that's no excuse to skip working on your core.

A strong core helps you in everyday activities, from picking up a bag of groceries to dancing at a wedding. Here are some everyday items you can repurpose:

  • Towel: Fold it longways and lay it on the floor for added support under your back or knees while doing exercises like planks or crunches.
  • Books: Stack 'em up to elevate your hands or feet for an added challenge in exercises like the plank.
  • Chair: Perfect for seated exercises or to elevate your legs for a tougher workout. You could use it for seated Russian twists.
  • Milk Jugs: Fill them up with water, and you’ve got yourself some DIY weights.
  • Stairs: If you have a staircase, you've got a tool for step-ups or incline planks.

Optional Equipment That Can Enhance Your Core Workout

Got a couple bucks to spare or already have some basic workout gear? Great, let's get you even more bang for your fitness buck.

Here's a quick rundown of some optional equipment that can make your core exercises even more effective:

  • Resistance Bands: These are a great way to add resistance to exercises like the Pallof Press or even to spice up your planks.
  • Exercise Ball: Super versatile, you can use this for stability exercises or to add a challenge to basic moves. For instance, try doing your planks with your elbows on the ball.
  • Yoga Mat: A mat can offer a more comfortable surface for floor exercises, which is especially nice if you've got a hardwood floor.
  • Dumbbells: Holding light dumbbells during some exercises, like Russian twists or modified sit-ups, can make a world of difference in intensity.
  • Sliders or Gliding Discs: These can be placed under your feet or hands during planks or other exercises to engage the core more dynamically.

1. Plank

Ah, the plank, the bread and butter of core workouts! Don't underestimate this powerhouse; it's more than just holding still.

Stick with me, and we'll go through everything you need to know—from setting up the perfect plank to avoiding rookie mistakes and spicing it up for the seasoned planker.

How to Get Into the Plank Position

Getting into the right position is key, or else you're just lying on the floor awkwardly, right? Here's how to get into the plank like a pro:

  1. Start on All Fours: Begin on your hands and knees.
  2. Align Hands: Your hands should be directly below your shoulders, kinda like you're about to do a push-up.
  3. Extend Legs: Step your feet back, one at a time, until your body is in a straight line from your head to your heels.
  4. Engage Core: Tighten those abs like you're about to get punched in the stomach. No slouching!
  5. Hold: Keep your body as still as a statue. Your goal is to hold the plank for 10-30 seconds to start.

Common Mistakes and How to Avoid Them

Yeah, the plank might seem straightforward, but small mistakes can throw off the benefits. Here are some pitfalls to watch out for:

  • Sagging Hips: This puts undue strain on your lower back. Keep those hips aligned with the rest of your body.
  • High Hips: It's not a mountain pose; keep those hips down!
  • Head Drop: Keep your neck neutral; imagine holding an apple between your chin and your chest.
  • Arm Position: Wrists should be under shoulders, not in front or behind them, to avoid wrist pain.

Variations for Different Fitness Levels

Alright, so maybe you've mastered the basic plank and want to make things interesting, or maybe you're looking for something a little less intense. Either way, I've got you:

  1. Forearm Plank: Same as the regular plank, but rest on your forearms instead of your hands. This one's a bit easier on the wrists.
  2. Side Plank: Lie on one side with your legs straight. Prop yourself up on your bottom elbow and lift your hips. Keep your body in a straight line. Hold, then switch sides.
  3. Plank to Push-Up: Start in a plank position, move onto your hands one at a time into a push-up position, then move back into the plank position.
  4. Plank with Leg Lift: From the standard plank position, lift one leg off the ground. Hold, then switch legs.

2. Crunch

Okay, so now let's talk crunches—the exercise most of us think of when we hear “abs workout.”

But hang on, this isn't your grandma's crunch. Done right, it's an effective move for hitting those top-layer ab muscles.

Let's delve deep into the nitty-gritty so you're not just folding yourself up like an accordion for nothing.

Proper Form and Technique for Doing Crunches

Doing a crunch correctly isn't rocket science, but a few key pointers will make sure you're getting the most out of each rep. Here's how to crunch like you mean it:

  1. Lie Down: Start flat on your back on a mat or a comfortable surface. Place your feet flat on the floor, hip-width apart.
  2. Hand Placement: Place your hands behind your head or crossed over your chest. If they're behind your head, don't pull on your neck. Seriously, don't.
  3. Engage Core: Before moving anything, tighten your core. Imagine you're trying to touch your belly button to your spine.
  4. Lift: Use your ab muscles to lift your head, neck, and shoulders off the floor. Exhale as you lift.
  5. Pause and Lower: At the top of the movement, pause for a second to really feel that contraction in your abs. Then, slowly lower back down as you inhale.

Cautionary Tips for Those with Low Back Pain

Now, hold up a sec—if you've got low back issues, crunches can be a bit of a double-edged sword. They can either help strengthen your core, which is good for your back, or they can exacerbate the problem. Here's how to play it safe:

  • Check with a Doc: It's super important to consult with a healthcare provider if you're experiencing persistent back pain.
  • Modify the Move: You can do a half-crunch or even a “reverse crunch” where you bring your knees to your chest, instead of lifting your upper body.
  • Support Your Spine: Consider placing a rolled-up towel under your lower back for added support.
  • Listen to Your Body: If it hurts, stop. No heroics here; we're in it for the long haul.

3. Deadbug

Alright, who's ready for the Deadbug? Despite its kinda creepy-crawly name, this exercise is an absolute beast for your core.

So, why's the Deadbug so killer for your abs? (Yep, I caught that pun, and I'm rolling with it!)

Let's dive right in and find out how to do it and why you should add it to your workout routine.

Why the Deadbug Is a Killer for Your Core

So, what's the big deal about the Deadbug? Unlike some other exercises that just isolate one or two muscle groups, the Deadbug is a full-body move that demands your entire core to get in on the action. Here's the scoop:

  • Dynamic Tension: Unlike static exercises like the plank, Deadbug involves movement, so your core muscles are continually contracting and lengthening. This creates a dynamic tension that's great for muscle development.
  • Mind-Muscle Connection: This exercise requires some coordination, so you've got to be fully present, mentally connecting with your core.
  • Low-Impact: It's pretty easy on the joints, making it accessible for almost anyone.
  • Functional Strength: The Deadbug improves your stability and control, which comes in handy in daily life, whether you're lifting groceries or catching a frisbee.

Step-by-Step Guide to Performing the Deadbug Exercise

So how do we summon this core beast? Don't worry; it's not too complicated. Follow these steps, and you'll be a Deadbug pro in no time:

  1. Start Position: Lie on your back on a flat surface. Raise your arms straight up towards the ceiling.
  2. Legs Up: Lift your legs, bending your knees to a 90-degree angle.
  3. Engage Core: Just like with the other exercises, tighten that core—like you're zipping up a pair of really tight jeans.
  4. Arm & Leg Extension: Slowly lower your right arm behind you while simultaneously extending your left leg out in front of you. Keep both a few inches off the ground.
  5. Return to Start: Bring your arm and leg back to the starting position while maintaining core engagement.
  6. Switch Sides: Now do the same movement with your left arm and right leg.

4. Bird Dog

Alright, next on our workout hitlist is the Bird Dog. No, it doesn't involve any birds or dogs, but it's awesome for your core and your balance. Curious?

Keep reading to find out how this exercise can literally help you stand on your own two feet—while making your core strong as heck.

The Benefits of Bird Dog for Both Core and Balance

So why should you bother with the Bird Dog? Simple—it's a twofer:

  1. Core Strength: Your core isn't just your abs; it's your entire torso, front and back. The Bird Dog engages all of these muscles, helping you build a strong, balanced core.
  2. Balance and Stability: This exercise involves lifting an arm and the opposite leg, which tests and improves your balance. Better balance makes all physical activities easier and safer.
  3. Mindfulness: Like the Deadbug, this one also requires a good mind-muscle connection. You have to focus to keep your balance, so it's a good exercise for mindfulness too.
  4. Functional Fitness: Strengthening your core and improving your balance have real-world benefits, from making it easier to carry groceries to playing sports.

How to Execute the Bird Dog Without Straining Your Back

You might be thinking, “This sounds great, but I don't want to mess up my back.”

Totally get it. Let's break down the steps so you can do the Bird Dog safely and effectively:

  1. Starting Position: Begin on all fours, hands directly under shoulders, and knees under hips.
  2. Engage Your Core: Yup, you guessed it. Tighten that core again.
  3. Extend Arm: Slowly extend one arm straight in front of you. Keep it at shoulder height.
  4. Extend Opposite Leg: While keeping your arm extended, slowly extend the opposite leg straight behind you. Keep it at hip height.
  5. Hold and Contract: Pause for a couple of seconds. During the pause, contract your core muscles tightly.
  6. Return: Slowly bring your extended arm and leg back to the starting position.
  7. Switch and Repeat: Now extend the other arm and the opposite leg. Keep alternating sides.

Safety Tips:

  • Keep a Neutral Spine: Your back should stay as flat as possible during this exercise.
  • Don't Rush: Take your time with each extension. Speed isn't the goal here; control is.
  • Stay Level: Imagine a glass of water balanced on your lower back. Don't let it spill!

5. Pallof Press

Hey, you've made it this far, so let's keep the good times rolling with the Pallof Press.

Never heard of it? No worries! This bad boy is an underrated gem that targets those often-neglected side muscles—your obliques. So let's get into it!

Why Obliques Matter, Too

First off, why should you even care about your obliques? Well, they're not just there for show; they've got some real jobs to do!

  1. Twisting and Turning: Your obliques are the muscles responsible for helping you twist and turn. That's useful for everyday tasks, not to mention sports like golf or tennis.
  2. Posture: Strong obliques help keep your spine straight. Slouchy posture, be gone!
  3. Stability: When your obliques are strong, they help stabilize your core, making all movements more efficient.
  4. Aesthetics: Let's be real, well-toned obliques look pretty awesome and can make your waist appear more defined.

The Correct Way to Do a Pallof Press

Okay, now the good stuff. How do you actually do a Pallof Press?

  1. Equipment: Grab a resistance band or a cable machine if you've got one. Anchor it at chest height.
  2. Starting Position: Stand sideways to your resistance source, feet shoulder-width apart. Hold the band or cable close to your chest with both hands.
  3. Engage Core: This is your mantra for all core exercises, right? Tighten that core like you're bracing for a tickle attack.
  4. Press Out: Push the band or cable straight out in front of you until your arms are fully extended. Your body will want to rotate towards the band; use your obliques to prevent this.
  5. Hold and Return: Pause for a second or two with your arms fully extended, then slowly bring your hands back to your chest.
  6. Repeat: Aim for 10-15 reps, then switch sides to work the other set of obliques.

Pro Tips:

  • Stay Square: Your hips and shoulders should stay square to the front; resist the pull of the band trying to twist you.
  • Go Slow: This isn't a speed race. The slower you go, the more your obliques have to work.
  • Adjust Resistance: Too easy? Step further away from your anchor point for more resistance. Too hard? Step closer to lighten the load.

6. Glute Bridge

Last but certainly not least, let's chat about the Glute Bridge. Don't let the name fool you; this isn't just a booty workout—it's also a fantastic core exercise.

Stick around, and I'll share all the must-know details to make the Glute Bridge your new go-to for a rock-solid core and, yeah, an amazing rear view.

How This Exercise Works More Than Just Your Core

You might be wondering, “Isn't this a core exercise guide? Why are we talking about glutes?” Great question! Here's the deal:

  1. Full-Body Engagement: This exercise calls upon your lower back, hips, and yes, your core. All of these areas work in harmony to lift your body.
  2. Spinal Support: The glutes play a key role in supporting your lower back, which in turn helps maintain a strong core.
  3. Functional Fitness: Strengthening your glutes along with your core enhances your ability to perform everyday activities like lifting, squatting, and even walking uphill.
  4. Improves Posture: Bad posture doesn't just stem from a weak core. Weak glutes can also contribute to slouching. Stronger glutes mean a straighter spine.

Tips for Maximizing Glute Activation During the Glute Bridge

Let's get into the nitty-gritty—how to get those glutes firing on all cylinders while doing a Glute Bridge:

  1. Starting Position: Lie flat on your back, arms by your sides, knees bent, and feet flat on the ground close to your butt.
  2. Engage Core and Glutes: Before you lift anything, tighten up that core and squeeze those glutes like you're holding a coin back there.
  3. Lift Off: Pushing through your heels, lift your hips skyward. Imagine you're trying to create a straight line from your knees to your shoulders.
  4. Hold and Squeeze: At the top of the lift, hold it for a couple of seconds and give your glutes an extra squeeze. No half-hearted squeezes; make it count!
  5. Slow Descent: Lower your hips back down to the ground slowly and controlled. Your muscles are still working hard on the way down.
  6. Repeat: Go for 10-20 reps, or however many make you feel like you've given it your all.

Hot Tips:

  • Foot Placement: Keep your feet close to your butt; it’ll make the bridge more challenging and effective.
  • Don't Hyperextend: Make sure you're lifting with your glutes and core, not your lower back. No need to lift your hips to the moon; a straight line is what we're after.
  • Mind the Gap: Keep a little space between your chin and chest to keep your neck neutral.

Exercise Routine: Combining the Moves

You've made it to the grand finale! By now, you know a lot about six killer exercises that'll work your core from every angle.

But how do you stitch them together into one rockin' workout routine? Sit tight, because I'm about to spill all the tea.

Sample Routines That Include All Six Exercises

Let's cut to the chase. Here are a couple of routines that incorporate all these fantastic exercises. Remember, quality over quantity, so make each rep count.

  1. Beginner's Bliss
    • Plank: 2 sets of 10 seconds
    • Crunch: 2 sets of 5 reps per side
    • Deadbug: 2 sets of 6 reps
    • Bird Dog: 2 sets of 5 reps per side
    • Pallof Press: 2 sets of 8 reps per side
    • Glute Bridge: 2 sets of 10 reps
  2. Intermediate Hustle
    • Plank: 3 sets of 20 seconds
    • Crunch: 3 sets of 10 reps per side
    • Deadbug: 3 sets of 8 reps
    • Bird Dog: 3 sets of 8 reps per side
    • Pallof Press: 3 sets of 10 reps per side
    • Glute Bridge: 3 sets of 15 reps

How Often You Should Be Doing These Exercises for Optimal Results

You're probably raring to go, but let's talk about how often you should be hitting these routines for the best results:

  1. Frequency: Aim to do these routines at least 3 times a week. Your core muscles, like any others, need time to recover.
  2. Rest: Give yourself at least one day of rest between core workouts to let your muscles recover and rebuild.
  3. Variety: Mix in some cardio or other types of workouts on your off days to keep things balanced. A well-rounded exercise regimen is the spice of life!
  4. Progress: As you get more comfortable, feel free to increase the sets, reps, or duration to keep challenging yourself.
  5. Listen to Your Body: If you're sore, consider dialing it back or focusing on other areas for a day or two.

Extra Pro Tips:

  • Warm-Up: Always start with a 5-10 minute warm-up to get your blood flowing and prep your body for the workout.
  • Cool Down: Don't skip the cool-down. A few minutes of light stretching can help with recovery.
  • Stay Hydrated: Keep water handy and take sips between sets. Hydration is key for peak performance.


You're all set now with a fully-loaded arsenal of six awesome core exercises and a couple of routines to boot.

Trust me, your core won't know what hit it—but in a good way. So gear up, dive in, and let's turn that core into a powerhouse.

What are you waiting for? Go get those gains!